>> In 2013 demographic dynamics remained similar to the previous years. At European level, Italy has maintained its fourth position in demographic ranking.

>> On 1st January 2014 there were 154.1 elderly people per 100 young people. In Europe, Germany only had a higher index (158.4). The oldest Italian region was Liguria (239.5 percent), while Campania was the youngest.

>> 2014 dependency ratio was 54.6 percent, and Italy was confirmed among the countries with the highest structural burden. The lowest value was registered in the South and Islands area (51.0 percent), the highest in the North-west (57.2 percent).

>> With a negative natural growth rate, Italy placed in the last positions in Europe. On the contrary, for migration growth Italy was at the top of the ranking for its power of attraction.

>> In 2013 average life for women was 84.6 years, and for men was 79.8 years, among the longest in the European Union.

>> Italy in Europe is one of the countries with lowest fertility rates, with 1,39 children per woman according to 2013 data. The mean age at child bearing has continued to rise, reaching 31.5 years.

>> In 2013, the number of marriages continued decreasing to 3.2 marriages celebrated every 1,000 inhabitants. In the South and Islands marriages were more than in the Centre and North (3.8 versus 2.9 per thousand). The North-west was the area with the highest share of civil celebrations (55.3 percent).

>> Italy presented a low incidence of divorces (0.9 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2012).  In Italy, however, the legal dissolution of marriages is a growing phenomenon: between 2000 and 2012 separations have increased by 22.7 and divorces by 36.6 percent.

>> Population  aging and socio-demographic changes have increased the incidence of one-person households in the last decade. As for 2011 Census, one-person households cover 31.2 percent of the total (24.9 percent in 2001).