>> In 2012, there were around 64 enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants in Italy, one of the highest levels in Europe. The negative trend registered in the last years, due to the net contraction in economic activities caused by the financial crisis in all geographical areas, was reversed in 2011 on the whole national territory. This slight recovery still continues except for the North-west.

>> In Italy the entrepreneurship rate – calculated as the ratio between the number of self-employed and the total number of employees – was nearly 30 percent and was the highest among Eu countries in 2012. The propensity to entrepreneurship was higher in the South and Islands area (37.0 percent) than in the Centre and North area (28.0 percent).

>> The average size of enterprises in  Italy is 3.9 employees. Enterprises in the South and Islands area are smaller than the national average (2.8).

>> Enterprise gross turnover rate, which provides a measure of the dynamism of an economic system, is equal to 15.0 percent in Italy. Values vary widely between regions, with greater instability in the South and Islands area and the lowest enterprise birth and death rate in the North-east area.

>> In 2012, the level of wage adjusted labour productivity among Italian enterprises was equal to 124.6 euros of added value per 100 euros of labour cost, showing a decrease in comparison to the previous year. The lowest values were still recorded in the South and Islands area.

>> The productive structure of the Italian economy appears to vary widely among regional areas. The South and Islands area tends to have more micro-enterprises, both in the service and industrial sectors; large industry is most common in the North-west; micro and small enterprises in the North-east, and large service enterprises in the Centre.

>> Women represent an  increasingly important share of non-profit institutions labour force: employed women accounted for approximately 636,000 units, double as many as their male colleagues  and represented nearly 67 percent of total paid workers. The share of women is also significant among managers (just below 36 percent).