>> According to the European Nuts 2 classification (which splits Italy into 19 regions and the two autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano), the average size of the Italian territory is of just over 14,000 km2; in 2013, each unit had an average population of over 2.8 million.

>> Italy is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe, with 199.4 inhabitants per km2 against the Eu28 average of 112.7/Km2.

>> Coastal areas cover 14.3 percent of the national territory and 28 percent of the total resident population of Italy lives in such areas. Due to such a high concentration of population, coastal areas are generally more densely populated than the rest of the national territory. As of 1 January 2013, the Italian coastal municipalities were 644, 8.0 percent of total municipalities.

>> In 2014, protected areas included in the "Natura 2000" network covered 19.3 percent of the national territory, thus placing Italy above the Eu28 average (18.1 percent in 2013). Protected sea areas represent 3.7 percent of total territorial waters area.

>> In 2012, building permits were granted for the construction of 3.2 new dwellings per 1,000 households, and approximately 257 m2 of useful floor area in new residential buildings. Over the last six years, the difference between the geographical macro-areas reduced, showing gradually more homogeneous indicator values. On a regional level, however, the situation was still heterogeneous with values well below the average for Liguria and Toscana and significantly higher for the autonomous province of Bolzano.