>> Italian public expenditure on health is below that of the main European countries: just below 2,500 dollars per capita (at Ppp) versus over 3,000 spent in France and Germany.

>> In 2012 households contributed a share of 20.8 percent of overall health expenditure using their own resources, down by more than two percentage points compared to 2001. 

>> In all regions, between 2002 and 2011, a convergence towards the national average was observed in the number of hospital beds, which fell from 4.3 to 3.4 per thousand inhabitants.

>>  In 2012 regions dealt with about 567,000 hospital admissions for non-resident patients (8.4 percent of the total number of ordinary admissions for the “acute”) and over 506,000 admissions of patients from a region other than their region of residence (7.5 percent, referred to residents in Italy only). Highest migration indices, above 20 percent, were recorded in smaller regions (Basilicata and Molise).

>> Neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system are confirmed as the main causes of hospital admissions, with little variability at a regional level.

>> In Italy, the infant mortality rate was 3.1 deaths per thousand live births in 2011. In the last ten years, the value of this indicator has continued to decrease throughout the entire country, reaching values that are among the lowest in Europe.

>> The diseases of the circulatory system constitute the main cause of death in almost all Eu countries. In Italy, the standardized mortality rate for these causes was 29.4 deaths per ten thousand inhabitants in 2011, while for neoplasms it was 25.6 deaths per ten thousands, with higher values for men (34.8) than for women (19.2). Neoplasms are the second leading cause of death both in Italy and in Eu28 countries.

>> In 2013 smokers and alcohol consumers at risk made up 20.9 and 13.4 percent respectively of the population aged 14 and over, while obese  individuals made up 10.3 percent of the population aged 18 and over.