>> In 2013, social protection expenditure in Italy went over 30 percent of Gdp, with a per capita amount of approximately 8,000 euros in a year. Within the Eu28 Member States, Italy presented  values slightly above the Eu average both in terms of per capita spending and in terms of Gdp share.

>> Expenditure for social security services managed by municipalities has passed from 7.1 in 2010 to 7.0 billion euros in 2011, with an average value per capita of  115.7 euros. A slight decrease was recorded in the incidence on the Gdp which passed from 0.46 to 0.44 percent.

>> In 2012, expenditure on social services was 305,576 million euros and reached 19.5 percent of Gdp, the equivalent of a per capita amount of 5,132 euros. Relevant differences persist among Italian regions, with higher expenditure per capita on services in the Northern and Central  areas of the country.

>> 23.3 million pensions were paid out in 2013, for an overall amount slightly above 273 billion euros. Most of pensions (47.8 percent) and of the amount (50.7 percent) were paid in Northern Italy.

>> The number of Italian municipalities providing at least one childcare service, such as day nurseries, micro-day nurseries or other supplementary and innovative services for children was 56.2 percent in 2012. The gap among regions in the public childcare services offered is particularly wide, with values ranging from 8.8 percent in Calabria to 100.0 percent in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. 

>> In 2012 the percentage of children aged 0-2 benefitting from childcare public services was 13.5 percent. Distribution on the national territory is very unequal, with wide differences between the North-east (19.1 percent) and the South and Island areas (5.0 percent). At a regional level, it ranged from 2.1 in Calabria to 27.3 percent in Emilia-Romagna.